One can become a U.S. Citizen through a variety of means—birth in the United States, birth abroad to a U.S. citizen parent, or through the naturalization process. For all of these, a specific series of legal requirements must be met. At the U.S. Embassy and Consulates in Germany, we can provide certification of U.S. citizenship for eligible individuals born abroad to U.S. citizen parents. Our Consulate in Frankfurt also processes Certificates of Loss of Nationality for those U.S. citizens who would like to give up their U.S. citizenship or believe that they have expatriated themselves.
For more information, please click on the appropriate service below:
Consular Report of Birth Abroad (under age 18)
As a U.S. citizen parent(s), you should report your child’s birth abroad as soon as possible to the U.S. Embassy or a U.S. Consulate to establish an official record of the child’s claim to or acquisition of U.S. citizenship at birth. The official record will be the Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA), Form FS-240. This form is evidence of U.S. citizenship, issued to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents who meet the requirements for transmitting citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). CRBA applications must be made before the child’s 18th birthday.
Applying for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad
Applying for a CRBA is a simple process, but does require you to collect and submit some documentation. We offer this service by appointment only in Berlin, Frankfurt, and Munich. Generally speaking, both parents should appear along with their child, to apply. For your convenience, if both parents appear, you may also apply for your child’s first passport when you report your child’s birth.
To Apply for Your Child’s Consular Report of Birth Abroad, please complete Form DS-2029 (pdf), Application for Consular Report of Birth Abroad. Then schedule an appointment for the service, and bring payment for the appropriate fee of 100 U.S. dollars, along with the following supporting documents:
- Child’s German Birth Certificate (Geburtenregister). This is the German birth certificate issued by local authorities on request. This document must show the biological parents’ names. Other short-form birth certificates (like the “Geburtsurkunde”) are not acceptable for documenting your child as a U.S. citizen. [Note: Children born before January 1, 2009 may have been issued an “Abstammungsurkunde.” All Abstammungsurkunden issued before January 1, 2009 are also acceptable.] Please bring the original and two photocopies of the document.
- Evidence of Parents’ Citizenship and Identity. Your current passport is the preferred form of proof. A U.S. birth certificate or naturalization certificate is also acceptable, but in this case, you must also present government-issued photo ID. Please bring the original plus 2 photocopies of the bio page of the passport or/and Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship.
- For married parents, a marriage certificate. If your certificate is in a language other than English or German, a certified translation must be provided. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- For parents with prior marriages, we require divorce decrees, annulments, or death certificates showing that the marriages have ended, legally speaking. If your document is in a language other than English or German, a certified translation must be provided. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- Proof of the U.S. citizen parent’s physical presence in the U.S. Examples of acceptable primary evidence of this physical presence include: Original school transcripts, records of military service showing nature of discharge (if any), Social Security income statements, and employment records. Please submit original statements rather than copies of originals. Secondary evidence might include: income tax returns filed in the U.S., utility bills, medical records, former/current passports with stamps, airline ticket stubs, credit card bills, or notarized affidavits from former/current employers. The amount of time you must demonstrate that you resided in the U.S. to transmit citizenship to your child will depend on your marital status and if only one or both parents are U.S. citizens. More information can be found here at travel.state.gov/. Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- If the parents are not married or if the unmarried U.S. citizen father is not present on the day of the application, we need a notarized affidavit of parentage, physical presence, and financial support from the U.S. father. Please fill out the DS-5507 Affidavit of Parentage and Physical Presence (pdf).
- For unmarried U.S. citizen fathers, we also require a legal statement recognizing paternity (“Vaterschaftsanerkennung”) and a legal statement regarding custody(“Sorgerechterklärung”). Please bring the original and 1 photocopy of the document.
- If you also wish to apply for your child’s first passport, please also bring the the following
Form: Completed DS-11 Do not sign until you are in the presence of a Consular officer
Photo: One passport sized (5cm x 5cm) photo. The photo must be in color and on a white background. The face must be clearly visible. Pictures can be taken at the Consulate for €6.00 (coins only). This photo service is not available at U.S. Embassy Berlin.
If one parent is unable to accompany the child and the second parent to the Consulate for the appointment, we require a notarized, original Statement of Consent (DS-3053) from the absent parent.
Payment: Application Fee (for children under 16: $115.00 and age 16-18: $145) payable in cash (Dollars or Euros – local currency is preferred), or credit card (Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover; no EC Cards are accepted)
- To apply for your child’s Social Security number, please contact the Federal Benefits Unit in Frankfurt by visiting their website or emailing directly to FBU.Frankfurt@ssa.gov
Please remember to bring all required documentation with you to your appointment. If you do not bring all of the required forms and supporting documentation, you may be required to reschedule your appointment and there will be a delay in processing your case.
Information on bringing a third party to your CRBA appointment interview can be found here.
If you use a wheelchair or motorized chair and need assistance, please have someone accompany you to your appointment.
Claims to U.S. Citizenship (over age 18)
If you are over the age of 18, were born to a U.S. citizen parent or parents, and believe that you have a claim to U.S. citizenship, please review this website for more information on U.S. nationality law. If, after reviewing it, you still believe you have a claim to citizenship, arrange for a personal appointment at the Embassy or Consulate that serves your area
To schedule an online appointment at the U.S. Embassy in Berlin, please click HERE
To schedule an online appointment at the U.S. Embassy in Frankfurt, please click HERE
To schedule an online appointment at the U.S. Embassy in Munich, please click HERE
Information on bringing a third party to your appointment interview can be found here.
If you use a wheelchair or motorized chair and need assistance, please have someone accompany you to your appointment.
Renunciations & Relinquishments
Loss of U.S. citizenship is a serious and irrevocable act which deserves your thoughtful consideration. It is imperative that you fully understand the nature of its consequences prior to requesting a Certificate of Loss of Nationality. If you decide that this is the course of action you wish to pursue, there are several steps you need to take including arranging an appointment to come into the Embassy to sign the Statement of Understanding, the Loss of Citizenship Questionnaire and/or the Oath of Renunciation, in the presence of a Consular Officer. Please note that the Statement of Understanding clearly states that the action you are taking is irrevocable.
Remember that expatriation is a personal right and can never be exercised by another person (including parents and/or legal guardians).
If you decide to pursue a Certificate of Loss of Nationality, the three main steps are reviewing the legal requirements, submitting the required documentation, and arranging an appointment at the Consulate to sign the Statement of Understanding, the Loss of Citizenship Questionnaire and/or the Oath of Renunciation in the presence of a consular officer.
Following your appointment, the consular officer will forward your application to the Department of State in Washington, DC for approval. This process generally takes three to four months.
For questions related to expatriation tax and possible tax implications, please contact the Internal Revenue Service: www.irs.gov or call the Philadelphia International Customer Service at 001-267-941-1000. For questions related to Social Security or other federal benefits, please contact Frankfurt Federal Benefits Unit at FBU.Frankfurt@ssa.gov.
Steps in the Process
- Review Legal Requirements
Please review the legal requirements and possible expatriating acts before beginning this process. Loss of U.S. citizenship is irrevocable and you should fully understand the consequences. Expatriation is a personal right that can never be exercised by another person, including parents or legal guardians.
- Submit Required Documentation
Submit the following documents to email@example.com:
- Evidence of U.S. citizenship
All evidence of U.S. citizenship, such as your most recent U.S. passport, U.S. birth certificate and bio-pages of all current passports
- Evidence of any name change (if applicable)
All evidence of name changes, for example marriage or divorce certificates, court orders.
- Evidence of foreign citizenships (if applicable)
All evidence of foreign citizenships, such as bio-pages of your most recent foreign passports.
- Completed DS-4080Oath/Affirmation of Renunciation of Nationality of United States.
- Completed DS-4081Statement of Understanding Concerning the Consequences and Ramifications of Relinquishment or Renunciation of U.S. Citizenship.
- Completed DS-4083 Certificate of Loss of Nationality of the United States.
Once we receive your scanned documents, we will email you to schedule a phone consultation. You will then schedule an interview at the U.S. Consulate General in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
- Schedule Consular Appointment
On the day of your appointment, please bring the original documents that you previously scanned and emailed to us. We will return them to you with the exception of your U.S. citizenship documents (passport, report of birth abroad, and naturalization or citizenship certificates) the passport and report of birth will be annotated and mailed back to you later.
You will first pay a non-refundable fee of $2,350. The fee is payable in cash (dollars or euros) or by credit card (credit card holder must be present). If you wish to pay with your credit card, please contact your credit card provider beforehand to make sure that your card can be charged (no PIN terminal) in U.S. dollars. If your card is rejected, you will need to reschedule your appointment.
After payment, you will meet with a consular officer and have a final opportunity to review the Statement of Understanding prior to taking the Oath of Renunciation.
We will submit your documents to the Department of State in Washington, DC for approval. You can expect the final decision within three to four months.
If your loss of nationality is approved, you will receive the Certificate of Loss of Nationality. This is the sole legal document establishing your loss of nationality. Pending approval of the Certificate, you remain a U.S. citizen.
Your Next Steps
Please review the legal requirements as requirements as described above and collect the required documentation.
Please email us all required documents to: firstname.lastname@example.org after we review your documents, you will receive the next step before we schedule you an appointment.